Boost-We all love it and certainly can't get enough of it. The more the merrier is our motto. Most MM&FF readers know that precious boost can be made through two sources-superchargers and turbochargers. Each setup has its own merits, and this month we'll discuss a new way for the supercharger crowd to take advantage of some turbo technology and in the process get more kick for the street or track.
There's a struggle within the performance aftermarket as positive-displacement blowers battle the centrifugal-style units. Internet battles and bench-racing sessions across the country have pitted blower users against each other as they make an argument for their choice of supercharger system. At times it seems as if the '03-'04 Cobra is ruling the roost when a twin-screw huffer is thrown in the mix.
On the other hand, we know that centrifugal blowers have been a big hit with the EFI Mustang crowd since the early '90s when Paxton burst on the scene. The actual roots of that type of supercharger go back decades. J.R. Granatelli and his crew adapted the company's ball-driven head unit to a 5.0L Mustang, and as they say, the rest is history. Once the 5.0 crowd became accustomed to the modest boost levels they started searching for more power, and the blower companies supplied what their customers demanded.
Each passing year, blower companies continue to improve efficiency and power output. Today there are many supercharger systems on the market that can satisfy a stock engine and go up to the wildest Pro 5.0 entry that makes in excess of 2,100 hp.
The great diversity in the blower market has made them popular on the street, too. In recent years, however, the positive-displacement companies have become increasingly more popular. Some people credit the '03-'04 Cobras for bringing that type of supercharger back into the limelight as the Kenne Bell and Whipple companies quickly came to market with blowers that upped the power tremendously. Some say the Cobras are king of the street due to both Kenne Bell and Whipple.
The seat-of-the-pants feel and low-end torque are the battle cry for twin-screw backers. While centrifugals have sparkling top-end charges, their boost curves are linear. That means boost goes up as rpm increases-and peak boost normally occurs near peak rpm, or at least higher in the rev range than with Roots- or screw-type blowers.
But we want our centrifugal boost and we want it now. So this month we are arming a centrifugally blown Mustang with a component that will take the battle to the twin-screw supporters.
In order to fend off the twin-screw contingent, Job Spetter Jr. of Turbo People turned to a part that is more familiar to the turbocharger crowd than the blown one. Spetter instructed Andrew Grundman, a customer of the famed tuning shop in New York, to add a wastegate and a Turbo People boost controller to his combination. The idea was that he could run high boost on the street and control it with the wastegate rather than always detuning for the street. It was a surprising suggestion, one that would prove quite effective in the end.
But what is a wastegate, and how does it help a blower car? In simplest terms, a wastegate is fastened to the exhaust piping (hot side) of a turbocharger system to control boost level. It regulates boost by bleeding off exhaust gas to slow the turbocharger impeller speed. The wastegate is fed boost via a vacuum hose, the user predetermines the boost level at which he wants to bleed boost, and the turbo will not exceed that number. The uber-cool whooshing sound from a turbo engine is also created by the wastegate when it opens.
Why use it in conjunction with a centrifugal blower when it's not exhaust driven? Because in this application, the wastegate is not installed on the exhaust side but rather on the inlet tube. So why not just use a bypass valve? Bypass valves control boost and are a fixed entity in that they are open or closed. There is no way for the bypass valve to open partially to bleed off boost and achieve a max boost setting. The wastegate is designed to perform this function, however, we are diverting compressed air rather than exhaust gases. It's a different type of relief, but in the end, the wastegate controls the amount of boost in the manifold.
Utilizing the wastegate in this application has a distinct advantage when tooling around the streets. It allows the supercharger to be pulley'd up for maximum efficient impeller speed at the engine's peak rpm. Our test subject (Grundman's '90 Saleen Mustang) is equipped with a D.S.S.-built 331-Dart block, steel crank, TFS heads, and so on-with a Vortech YSi-Trim super-charger. Running near maximum impeller speed means boost will be somewhere in the neighbor-hood of 19-20 psi-far too much for a pump-gas application and to keep the tires under the back of the car on the street. Grundman often prowls the New York roadways and didn't want to keep burning the expensive high-octane fuel every time he ran to the Qwiki Mart. He also didn't want the hassle of doing a lot of work when he hits the strip in race trim. Spetter's solution was to add the wastegate and boost controller to give his customer the best of both worlds.
D.S.S. Racing assembled the...
D.S.S. Racing assembled the 331ci mill under the hood of Andrew Grundman's '90 Saleen Mustang. It features a Dart block, a steel crank, steel rods, forged pistons, a custom Turbo People hydraulic roller camshaft (0.550-inch lift), TFS Twisted Wedge heads, and an Advanced Airflow Engineering-ported Saleen intake manifold. The engine combination is similar to what you would find in the NMRA EFI/Renegade ranks.
Without Further delay, here...
Without Further delay, here are the power numbers-using the pump-dispensed dinosaur fuel, we witnessed this Saleen pound out 655 rwhp and 655 rwtq. The boost curve has been nicely laid out underneath the power graphs for easy reference. The boost, with the wastegate siphoning off pressure, starts to straighten out around 5,000 rpm and remains the same through the 6,400-rpm max. High-octane racing fuel (VP C16) netted a best of 829 rwhp and 722 rwtq.
The Supercharger of choice...
The Supercharger of choice for this street beast is a Vortech YSi-Trim. The blower tubing is courtesy of Hell Bent Race Cars, while an Anderson Ford Motorsport Power Pipe brings in cold air via the passenger fender. Hell Bent clocked the supercharger so it feeds downward and is connected to a front-mounted air-to-air intercooler. The chilled air is routed back to the throttle body in a clean and neat fashion.
Removing The Saleen nose reveals...
Removing The Saleen nose reveals the massive air-to-air intercooler that Spetter spec'd out for this particular application. On the left is the Vortech blow-off valve, while the right side shows off the Tial wastegate. Vacuum lines are run to both of these components as they open and close according to manifold vacuum/boost.